A tiered prevention model is a structured approach to prevention and intervention strategies used in schools to promote positive student behavior and strengthen connections between students, teachers, and families. The model is based on the idea that the most effective interventions should be tailored to the individual student, and that early intervention is more cost–effective than reactive interventions.
The tiered prevention model typically includes three tiers of intervention. The first tier focuses on universal strategies which are put into place for the entire school or classroom. These strategies could include teacher–led activities such as classroom meetings, positive behavioral interventions and supports, and school–wide behavior expectations. This tier also includes school–wide policies that promote an environment of safety and respect.
The second tier of the tiered prevention model is targeted interventions. This tier focuses on providing more intensive strategies to support students who are at risk of developing behavioral or academic difficulties. These interventions are typically tailored to the individual student and may include individual counseling, small group instruction, and social skills instruction.
The third tier of the model is intensive, individualized interventions. This tier focuses on providing intensive and individualized supports to students who are at risk of serious psychological or behavioral issues. These interventions may include individual counseling, behavior support plans, and more intensive behavioral interventions. The tiered prevention model is an effective approach to promoting positive behavior in schools.
By providing universal, targeted, and intensive interventions, schools can create an environment where students are supported and can succeed. Additionally, the model emphasizes the importance of early intervention and prevention in order to reduce the need for more intensive interventions in the future.